Azerbaijan, officially the Republic of Azerbaijan is an important and the largest country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. Whilst the capital, Baku, has rapidly transformed itself into a highly developed modern city, the surrounding villages still remain untouched and archaic.
Azerbaijan is divided partially between Eastern Europe and Western Asia. On its eastern side lies the Caspian Sea, whilst the Russian Federation borders it on the north.
Other countries which share boundaries with Azerbaijan are Georgia in the west and north-west, Armenia in the south-west and Iran in the south. The Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan is bordered by Armenia to its north and east, while Iran lies to its south and south-west, and Turkey to its west.
During the Nagorno-Karabakh War in 1994, seven districts of Azerbaijan in the southwest were overpowered by Armenia. Many islands in the Caspian Sea are also a part of the Republic of Azerbaijan.
Azerbaijan is formed of 65 regions and 69 cities of which Baku is the capital. While Azerbaijani is the official language, due to Russia's rule for so many years, Russian and Turkish languages are also widely spoken. In some regions, people also converse in English, German and Arabic.
Azerbaijan is a secular and unitary republic consisting mostly of Ethnic Azeri and Shia Muslims who form a major part of its population. Orthodox Christians and Jews also play their own role as a part of the minorities.
Azerbaijan's economy mainly depends on oil and natural gas production. Other industries that contribute to its economy include cotton and agricultural products.
Pancakes, soups and bread form a major part of the daily cuisine of the Azerbaijani's. Meat and poultry features prominently in all the food preparations such as kebabs, minced meat, etc. Among the fruits grown locally - apples, cherries, grapes, melons, raspberries, plums and peaches are prominent. Sweet black tea or Azerbaijani sherbet is a very popular drink among the locals too.